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Metal euro - modern coins of the European Union

The European union (the European Union, EU) - association of 27 European states (see European Union Notes ), signed the Maastricht agreement.

European Union Monetary unit is the euro, equal 100 eurocents.

Euro - monetary unit of exhibiting countries European Economic and an exchange rate union - EMU. Has been entered into the cashless circulation since January, 1st 1999, in the cash circulation - on January, 1st 2002.

Now, besides euro notes, in a cash turn-over there are the coins of euro having 8 nominal values, in particular: 1 and 2 euro, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 eurocents.

Coins of one nominal value have the general obverse, and here reverses of coins differ depending on by what Central bank of the state of a zone of euro they have been manufactured. Thus national specificity of the countries of the European union is displayed. On an obverse always there is 12 stars meaning, besides the European harmony, and a number of initial member states of an eurozone, and 6 parallel lines which symbolise stability.

On coins in nominal value 1 and 2 euro, the map of the countries entering into the European union is represented, for coins of this nominal value white-yellow and ochroleucous colours accordingly are characteristic.

The Obverse 10, 20 and 50 eurocents, besides 12 stars and 6 parallel lines, the European Union map on which borders of member countries are accurately designated decorates.

For coins in nominal value 1, 2 and 5 eurocents the obverse with the plotting of 12 stars, 6 parallel lines and globe with the countries of Europe on him is characteristic. The author of design of the general obverse of coins of euro is Luck Luix - the designer from Belgium. In 2007 in connection with expansion of the European union of a coin of euro began to mint with the changed obverse (the stylised map of the European Union has taken a bit different form). On a reverse there is the plotting which is emphasising national specificity of exhibiting countries of an eurozone.

Vatican, Monaco, San Marino are not European Union exhibiting countries however officially use euro according to agreements with the European central bank and manufacture own euro-coins.

On design of a coin of the euro, manufactured in Vatican, it is possible to divide into three groups: coins in nominal value 1 and 2 euro; 10, 20 and 50 eurocents; 1, 2 and 5 eurocents. On an obverse of the Vatican coins the plotting of a profile of the ruling Pope is seated. During the Vacant throne (i.e. During the period between death of the past Pope and election of the new head of the Sacred throne) coins and postage stamps of Vatican with the arms of the apostolic chamberlain and without a profile of the daddy are manufactured.

John Pavel II has died in 2005 In this connection within 2002-2008 three versions of coins were manufactured.

1 series of the sample of 2002 - coins with John Pavel II profile were minted.

2 series of the sample of 2005 - coins with the arms of the apostolic chamberlain.

3 series of the sample of 2006 - coins with a profile of the new Pope - Benedict XVI

Nominal value: 2 euro
Stamping:
the Material: the Sample
the Note: Vatican
the Obverse 2 euro of Vatican the Reverse 2 euro of Vatican

On coins of Monaco in nominal value 1, 2 euro the portrait of the prince of Monaco Albert II in a profile is represented. On coins of Monaco in 10, 20 and 50 eurocents there is a monogram of its highness of the ruling prince of Monaco Albert II. Coins in nominal value in 1, 2 and 5 eurocents are decorated by the plotting of the patrimonial arms of a dynasty of Grimaldi.

The Inscription MONACO and a date of issue, is on coins of all nominal values. On a circle of all coins it is possessed twelve stars of the European flag.

Nominal value: 2 euro
Stamping:
the Material: the Sample
the Note: Monaco
the Obverse 2 euro of Monaco the Reverse 2 euro of Monaco

Coins of San Marino, have on a reverse a sign on the Roman mint in the form of letter R, interlaced letters Ch as a design badge and an inscription SAN MARINO. On reverses of coins of euro basically architectural places of interest of the country, except for 1 euro and 20 eurocents on which it is possible to see the State Emblem of republic and a portrait of sacred Marino accordingly are represented.

Nominal value: 20 eurocents
Stamping: 2008
the Material: the Brass
the Note: Sacred Marino
the Obverse of 20 eurocents of San Marino the Reverse of 20 eurocents of San Marino

Notes the European Union

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