The first paper money of England, Scotland and Ireland
In the middle of 17 centuries in England some time existed so-called Goldsmith Notes, was predecessors of the future bank notes. As a result king Charles 1 for own needs actually took a part of cash of the English dealers storing them in a Tower or in office of the state treasurer, they have been compelled to search for a new place for their storage.
The New place of storage has been opened in cellars of Goldsmit. Probably, for calculations with the third parties paper bank notes (actually receipts or receipts) small face values, basically began to be issued
For a rounding off of the sums. In the beginning this storehouse represented something like the exchange office receiving still monetary вознаrpаждение for storage of cash.
Further on this base the private commercial bank has been formed.
In 1694 the English bank (or Bank of England - Bank of England) has been based. The first banknotes were issued by face values from 5 to 100 pounds.
Later the number of face values has been expanded to 1000 pounds (since 1725), and also began to be issued a banknote and smaller face values in 1 and 2 pounds (since 1797). On an illustration the banknote in 1 pound of release of 1797 is resulted.
In 1695 after Bank of England the Bank of Scotland (Bank of Scotland) at first letting out banknotes by face values from 5 to 100 pounds, and later and smaller face values in 1 and 2 pounds and 1 and 2 guineas has been based.
Since 1727 of a banknote began to let out Royal bank of Scotland (Royal Vapk of Sсоtlапd), since 1825 - National bank of Scotland (National Vapk of Sсоtlапd) and many other banks.
In 1808 has been based in Dublin and also has started to let out bank notes Bank of Ireland (Vank of Ireland). After education of the Irish republic in 1921 Bank of Ireland and still some banks of Belfast
Have continued release of banknotes in Northern Ireland.
Besides, in 19 - the beginning of 20 centuries numerous English private and commercial joint-stock banks let out own banknotes.
During 19 and the beginning of 20 centuries of a banknote Australia, New Zealand and Central America has started to be issued in colonial possession of British Empire in Asia, Africa. Only in one small Hong Kong (Hong Kong) release of banknotes was made by 13 different banks.
the Author: Denisov A.E.