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Inflation it

The inflation Reasons

Rates of inflation

Inflation Types

Inflation Consequences

The Monetary depreciation

Inflation of costs

Open inflation

The Runaway inflation

Struggle against inflation

Inflation in Russia

Inflation in the USA

Inflation in Ukraine

Inflation in Zimbabwe


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Level (rates) of inflation

On the this page the list of the countries possessed on growth of a rate of inflation is presented. The most known indicator of inflation is the consumer price index which measures a mean price of consumer goods and services. As a whole, speed of inflation is a growth of an overall price level. High rates of inflation are connected often with fast growing economy, where demand for the goods and services above, than capacities. Struggle against inflation is carried out by central banks which supervise a monetary stock by increase or reduction of short-term interest rates. For example, the Board of governors of the European central bank aspires to preservation of annual inflation in limits less than 2 % for a firmness of prices and stable economic growth.

Rates of inflation in the world countries

Rates of inflation fall into to the general rise in prices and are measured from standard level of buying power. Earlier this term was used for a designation of increase in a monetary stock which now is called monetary and credit inflation. The rate of inflation is measured by comparison of two sets of the goods, in two points of time and account of addition of value is not reflected in quality improvement. There is enough of factors for inflation measurement, depending on concrete circumstances. The most known is the consumer price index which measures consumer prices, and also a deflator of gross national product who measures a rate of inflation in all domestic economy.

Prevailing submission in market economy consists that inflation is called by interaction of a monetary stock with interest rates. Basically economists can be divided into two camps: "monetarists" who consider that only monetary relations dominate in definition of a rate of inflation, and "Keynesians" who consider that interaction of money, interest rates and the goods predominates over other influences. Other theories, such as the Austrian school of economy, consider that growth of a rate of inflation grows out of monetary stock increase after which the rise in prices is only a consequence.

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