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Baltic languages

Languages of Baltic group are closest to slavic on the grammatical system and lexicon. Scientists explain this similarity differently. The hypothesis of a balto-slavic parent language is Most propagated: from ancient Indo-European language rather integral language which was then divided into Baltic and slavic branches was delimited. Under other version, ancient Baltic and ancient slavic dialects have precipitated out from Indo-European language independently from each other, and their especial affinity speaks the long neighbourhood. This theory allows to explain appreciable divergences between them, especially in the major lexicon. Some distinctions between Baltic languages even in extremely stable lexicon, for example in relationship terms are surprising also: the Lithuanian and Prussian was saved by Indo-European names: the son - accordingly sunus and souns, the daughter - dukte and duckti whereas in Latvian these words are replaced by others - dcls and meita.

Distribution of Baltic languages

Earlier the group of Baltic languages was much wider on composition. Into it entered died out Prussian (ancient Prussian) language. Its carriers lived in Southeast Baltic, to the east from Vistula. By XVIII century they have completely mixed up with Germen and began to speak German. Besides, there were also other Baltic tribes using the dialects.

Once Baltic languages sounded in much bigger territory, than now. Except Baltic, these tribes occupied almost all territory of modern Belarus, in the south reaching present Kiev, Zhitomir, Rovno areas of Ukraine (here they have kept traces in the form of place names, mainly the rivers). In the east the grounds developed by Balts were stretched to present Moscow suburbs. It is enough to tell that such place names, as Oka, Istra, Tarusa, Serpukhov, Moscow Jauza, Presnya, Neglinka, Lubjanka, and most likely and Moscow (originally only the river, a city has received the name on the river on which it costs), - a Baltic origin.


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