The Greek language
Some languages propagated in the south of present Europe and to the east, form separate, independent groups. Such is the Greek language. Ancient Greek language belongs to the earliest, indo-European languages fixed by means of writing. Its most ancient monuments fall into XV-XI centuries BC, i.e. At the right time, kept away from us more than for three millenia. These monuments written by the syllabic letter, are connected with a great Krito-Mycenaean civilisation, long before antiquity colonizing peninsula Peloponnese and islands of Aegean sea.
The First monuments which have reached up to now of Ancient Greek language created by means of the alphabetic letter, are dated VIII-VII centuries BC Thanks to so ancient monuments of writing and surprising riches of continuous written tradition the data of the Greek language play a paramount role in reconstruction of an Indo-European parent language.
As well as Latin, Ancient Greek language has made strong impact on religious, philosophical, scientific and cultural lexicon of all languages of Europe, including Russian. The knowledge of Ancient Greek language in many European countries is considered till now an erudition sign. Medieval Greek differently name the Byzantian. The population of modern Greece speaks on modern Greek. Literary modern Greek language exists in two variants: book, more archaic - kafarevusa (means "cleared" literally) and colloquial - dimotika ("national").
Today it is difficult to believe that such habitual Russian words, as a bed, a bench, lime, a writing-book, a tape, a beet, fritters, the Greek origin.