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Italic languages

Having turned on the south, we will find out the following group of Indo-European languages - Italic. Greatest of them - Latin language. To it dead languages some for a long time on which spoke the ancient population of Apenninsky peninsula are related. The great culture of Ancient Rome is connected with Latin language. On him the brilliant literature is created, Latin influence have tested and continue to test all European languages.

Distribution of Romance languages

Latin language has yielded powerful posterity - a family of Romance languages. However their ancestor - not that Latin on which verses of Katulla and Goratsija, Cicero and Apuleja prose are written. Language which was born with themselves by the Roman conquerors, half of Europe which has subordinated to, hardly differed from classical Latin. It was the spoken language which scientists name national, or vulgar, Latin. Settled on the Pyrenees, in Gallia and on the Balkans and lost direct connections with mother country, and with disintegration of Roman empire developing quite independently, this Latin developing quite independently, imbibeing words and sounds of languages on which spoke the subdued people, it was transformed to present Romance languages. Four of them fall into to the largest languages of the world: Spanish, Portuguese, French and Italian (on number telling they take accordingly the fourth, ninth, twelfth and fourteenth places in world "tables of ranks"). Speaking in all Romance languages more than speaking on German, from Indo-European they concede to only Indian languages.

Romance languages are divided into five subgroups: ibero-Romance on Iberian peninsula and in Latin America (the Spanish, Galician, Catalan and Portuguese languages; the Ladino, or Sephardi, - language of Jews of Southern Europe, developed on the basis of Spanish) here enters; gallo-Romance (French and Provencal, or Occitan, propagated in the south of France); italo-Romance (Italian, Sardinian, or Sardinian, dead Dalmatian); p (some small languages in Switzerland and in the northeast of Italy) and balkano-Romance (the Romanian and its variant Moldavian, different from Romanian in effect only use of a Cyrillic drawing, and also the rests of several small languages in Greece, Albania and on Istrian peninsula).

Conditionally it is possible to carry some Creole languages formed as a result of crossing Romance with languages of not Romance population in the former colonies of France, Spain and Portugal to Romance group. Biggest of the ex-Creole languages, however officially not recognised, - Mauritius on island Mauritius in Indian ocean.


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