The Altay languages
The Altay family (macrofamily) of languages is rather great. Languages of a Turkic family are propagated from Turkey and Bulgaria in the west to China and Mongolia in the east (Turkish, Azerbaijan, Turkmen, Tatar, Bashkir, Kirghiz, Kazakh, Uzbek, Yakut, Chuvash, Altay and many other languages). Classification of this family is hindered by significant affinity of languages and difficult character of historical interaction of the Turkic people. Therefore there are some various classifications of Turkic languages.
In the Mongolian family, and in tunguso-Manchurian - the languages propagated in Siberia, in the Far East, some languages of Afghanistan and China enter into an Amuria, and also in China and Mongolia.
As independent branches of the Altay language family are considered Korean and Japanese. However, with the Altay languages scientists quite often challenge their relationship.
Afro-Asiatic, or Afro-Asian, the family (macrofamily) is huge. The number of languages entering into her is rather inconvenient to name, borders between groups of the small languages, separate languages and dialects are clear even far not to each expert in this area. Languages of a Semitic family - a Hebrew (Hebrew), Arabian, Akkadian, and also Ethiopian. First two of them have played the big role in the history of a western civilisation. Powerful Ancient Egyptian language there is no time, now it was saved only in the descendant - the Coptic language which number of carriers is insignificant.
The Ural languages
The Ural languages are scattered almost on all territory of Eurasia Finnish, Estonian, Karelian and Hungarian in the Eastern Europe have far relatives in Ural Mountains and the Volga region - Nenets, Udmurt, Mari and other languages.