Mountaineering in development of the Himalayas
Tourism is one of the most fast growing branches in the world, having increased from 25 million international visitings in 1950 to 842 million in 2006, having made more than the 30-fold increase, is expected that the international visitings will double to 1,5 billion by 2020. Mountains are the important tool in the tourism industry. They take, by different estimations, a share of 15-20 % of the world tourist market, collecting from 100 to 140 billion US dollars a year.
The highest and most known mountain tops of the world, the unique both rare flora and fauna, and also the big variety of mountain culture, the tourist potential of the Himalaya region has. At the same time, the region struggles with the poverty high level, aggravated climate change, degradation of environment and increase of selsko-city migration that does traditional variants of subsistences more and more unstable. Mountaineering is defined by perspective strategy of adaptation, supplying mountaineers with an income alternative source, leaning against region strengths.
Tourism is means where mountain features which routinely are considered as restriction to development, - remoteness, inaccessibility, emptiness, selfcontained culture - can be transformed to economic possibilities. Being labour-consuming, but low level of the capital requiring rather and ground investments, tourism can offer essential advantages in the remote and rural areas where traditional subsistences are under the threat.
Despite the huge potential, mountaineering till now promoted reduction of scales of poverty in mountain areas a little. Researches reveal the basic hardles: political miscalculations, absence of development of human resources, absence from outside offers of objects and management, and also absence of interrelation between tourism with local system of production that result ins high ' to leak ' incomes in mountain areas have been noticed.
These problems are decided by rendering of assistance and the development support to poor levels of population by the industry of mountaineering directed on reduction of poverty of the population in mountain areas, and also increases of stability to climate change and other factors. Support is directed on formation and spread of knowledge, training and potential escalating, working out of a policy and regional coordination between key interested parties of tourism in region of the Himalayas.