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Capital: Buenos Aires.
Argentina - the country taking the south and the southeast of continent, the second-large country in the South America after Brazil and the eighth in the world. On a structure of a surface the country can be divided on two parts: ennobled (southeast) and flat (northwest). The western border passes on a chain of the Andes. In territory natural areas precipitate out some. The extensive fertile plain of Pampas, the present sea of a grass, takes about 1/4 territories. The Northeast are warm, damp plains Chako and areas between the rivers Paranas and Uruguay. Patagonia - extensive plateau in the south of continent, the area about 673000 sq.km. Is sheep breeding area. The southern part of Patagonia is characterised dry and a frigid climate. In Argentina it is a lot of rivers. The most known - Parana, the second-large river in the South America.
Argentina lies in three climatic belts: tropical, subtropical and moderated. Mid-annual temperatures fluctuate from +24С in the north to +5С in the south. The country climate is formed mainly under the influence of marine air weights from Atlantic ocean. On a more part of territory of the country a climate moderated. In the northeast - a climate subtropical, damp, winter soft. In the south of the country is much colder also the large part of year there are rains. In Buenos Aires summer months very hot, and the majority of inhabitants right after Christmases leave to have a rest. In January and February the city becomes empty. In the winter for Europeans weather very pleasant, the temperature drops, but is insignificant.
The population: about 35 million persons.
Language: the State language - Spanish. Also the German, French and Italian are used.
Religion: the Majority of the population - Catholics. Thus in the country the uncontrolled liberty of creed is proclaimed.
Currency: the Argentinean peso, equal 100 centavo. Notes in 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 peso, coins in 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 centavo are in use. In large shops, hotels, restaurants credit cards American Express, Visa, Master Card and Eurocard are for payment accepted.
Exchange: the Currency can be interchanged in all banks and large shopping centres, hotels, in special exchange offices. In the majority of banks and exchange items the system of tickets is used - you receive the ticket with the number and wait, when you will call. The this procedure takes a lot of time.
Importation of not tinned foodstuff, without the special permission - subjects and the things representing historical, art or archaeological value Is forbidden. Duty-free importation is allowed: cigarettes - 200 pieces (or cigars - 25 pieces) Spirits - 2 l., a tinned foodstuff - to 5 kg., souvenirs and gifts for the sum no more than 300 US dollars, subjects and things within personal needs. At importation of the this subjects in the quantity exceeding indicated, the duty at a rate of 50 % from their cost is levied. Exportation without the special permission of subjects and the things representing historical, art or archaeological value, and also the weapon is forbidden. Exportation of items from a wool and a skin, ornaments is allowed, souvenirs within personal needs, thus it is necessary to present the shop receipt where these items have been purchased. At exportation of fur items the availability of the receipt of export mark is required. Importation and exportation national and foreign exchanges is not limited.
In Argentina it is accepted to yield tip which make 5-10 % from the bill for service, in expensive establishments more often they are switched already on in the bill.
To ocean, and also very developed animal industries the dishes, capable to satisfy the most refined gourmet allow the Argentinean cooks to prepare the Yield. Shrimps on-rimski, fried, boiled, stewed, smoked; "sharp" oysters, "a mustard" chicken (and also chickens on pair, with field mushrooms, with a paprika, with almonds, with the greens, presoaked in beer, field mushrooms in boiling wine etc. It only very short transfer of typical Argentinean dishes. And after all they can be not only Argentinean. After travel on the Argentinean restaurants you can have an impression that you have visited the majority of the countries of the South America so local cooks like to "take" recipes from the neighbours in continent. So that from travel you can return the expert in the Mexican, Peruvian, Brazilian, Chilean kitchen.